Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects bone marrow. Unrestrained production of plasma cells results in the manufacture of a toxic protein that destroys the kidneys. Patients who suffer from multiple myeloma are generally over 60 years of age, and it’s more common in African-Americans. While the root of the disease is unclear, early detection is essential for recovery. Unfortunately, it is hard to diagnose because the underlying signs of multiple myeloma vary from patient to patient. These symptoms of multiple myeloma are also common in other diseases, so if you experience any of the following, be sure to consult with your physician.
1. Bone Issues
Patients with multiple myeloma suffer from several bone problems, including pain throughout the chest and back. The legs and arms may also hurt, but this is less common. Many of those suffering from multiple myeloma also suffer from osteoporosis, which is the loss of bone mass. This loss results in bones breaking easily, because they lack the structural integrity they need. Even a small impact from a low height, such as a trip or fall, can result in breakages.
A low red blood cell count or a lack of hemoglobin is called anemia, and this can cause a series of medical issues. In general, patients with anemia are often tired due to a lack of energy. Pale skin and sluggishness are two common symptoms. Although it’s an ailment all on its own, patients with multiple myeloma typically develop it over time due to the destructive nature of this cancer in the bone marrow.
3. Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma: Fatigue
If you suffer from multiple myeloma, you will feel tired and weak in general. Sickness is common because the bone marrow’s cells are being replaced with the cancerous ones in addition to the loss of red blood cells, causing anemia. Eventually, the myeloma cells crowd the healthy ones, which means the patient is always tired. If you feel fatigued even after receiving enough rest, then you should contact your family doctor. After you discuss your symptoms, a simple blood test can reveal more.
4. Excessive Weight Loss
Weight loss is associated with numerous diseases. Regardless of the cause, if you are losing an excessive amount of weight without trying to, you should seek medical attention. However, if you are feeling sick because of cancer, you may simply correlate the weight loss with the flu-like symptoms that cancer can mimic, including nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Sickness is often caused by hypercalcemia, which is caused by the bone structure breaking down. Bones are rich in calcium, and this calcium ends up reaching the bloodstream. This causes all sorts of metabolic problems.
5. Bathroom Issues
Multiple myelomas also causes gastrointestinal issues. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, and constipation. Painful episodes while using the restroom can occur, too. These are typical symptoms of other cancers, too, so it’s crucial to get diagnosed by a doctor to start a recovery plan. The sooner you start treatment, the better chance you have of recovery.