Graves’ disease is a very commonly occurring but little known problem. It is a medical condition which involves the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a small organ shaped like a butterfly which is wrapped around the windpipe in the throat. This organ is instrumental in the production of all types of hormones in the body. It usually takes instructions from the pituitary gland which is situated in the brain. The pituitary gland produces a certain chemical called TSH which is the indicator for the thyroid gland to produce hormones. Some of these hormones are the controlling factor for the entire metabolic process in the body. Metabolism is what makes our body convert food into energy for our basic day to day tasks. Therefore, TSH is the chief trigger for metabolism in our body.
But some people may have an autoimmune disorder known as Graves’ disease which makes their body produce antibodies to fight off imaginary infections and foreign bodies. These antibodies can sometimes replicate the effect of TSH and fool the thyroid gland into producing unnecessary quantities of metabolism inducing hormones. This can throw the whole process out of gear and the body starts burning off more calories than our actually consumed. This can cause a severe imbalance and serious problems can arise out of the issue. An over active thyroid gland is also known as hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease is just one of the very forms of this problem. It is important to know that Graves’ disease is not curable but its side effects can be treated with the help of medical intervention.
It can also vanish completely after a little while on its known without any reason but this does not happen to everyone. This disease is very similar to another medical condition known as Hashimoto’s disease which is also a leading cause of an over active thyroid gland. It is very important to be aware of basic information about Graves’ disease like its symptoms and causes.
Causes of Graves’ Disease
Here is a list of common reasons and factors for development of Graves’ disease in a person.