12 Most Common Thyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland (located in the front of the neck) is very important to metabolic processes in your body, but if it produces too much or too little of a hormone (called T4), it can throw off the entire balance of your system.

Thyroid problems are fairly common and range in type and severity, but it’s important to have a doctor properly diagnose your thyroid condition rather than assuming you have a thyroid disorder. Here are 12 common thyroid disorders that can lead to changes in your weight, energy levels, mood, and more…

1. Hypothyroidism

MedicineNet.com explains this condition is when your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones. There are a host of symptoms that come with hypothyroidism: fatigue, dry skin, constipation, and poor concentration just to name a few.

Under the hypothyroidism category is something called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (also known as Hashimoto’s disease), which the source says is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation of the thyroid gland. In this condition, a patient’s immune system is actually attacking the thyroid, causing it to under produce.

2. Hyperthyroidism

This is essentially the opposite of hypothyroidism, and it presents different symptoms. A hyper or overactive thyroidcan “accelerate your body’s metabolism significantly,” which can lead to sudden and unexplained weight loss, notesthe Mayo Clinic.

Other symptoms can occur if your thyroid is putting your bodily functions into overdrive. These include an increased (resting) heartbeat, sweating, or feeling nervous or irritable, notes the source. You may also have trouble sleeping (insomnia), or notice thinning skin or brittle hair, it adds.

3. Graves’ Disease

This actually falls under the hyperthyroidism category, but since it’s the leading cause of hyperthyroidism according to WebMD, we’ll take a closer look at the condition on its own.

In Graves’ disease, your body releases “abnormal antibodies” that mimic a thyroid-stimulating hormone called TSH that’s normally produced in the brain’s pituitary gland, explains the source. These “fake” TSH hormones kick the thyroid gland into overdrive. The good news is that the condition is fairly easy to correct once it’s properly diagnosed, but left unchecked it can cause complications and even death, warns WebMD.

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